Life Processes, Ecology and Evolution has been written specifically to cover the aims of the New Zealand Curriculum (NZC), including: the Nature of Science objectives, key competencies Level 2 achievement standards for Biology. Our understanding of biological systems is set to grow exponentially in the coming decades and a good knowledge of the principles of biology and the nature of science will be essential for all members of our society if they are to be able to make balanced decisions on major issues that will inevitably arise. These range from genetic engineering through to the use of stem cells and there will be many more such issues in the future. Further, biology underpins many of the industries that are vital to the New Zealand economy and a good knowledge of basic principles is very important to all of us. The aim of Life Processes, Ecology and Evolution is to present material in a way that meets the needs of all groups of students and will allow all students to understand the important principles of biology, to understand how the scientific process works and to be confident enough to embrace the potential biology offers our society. Life Processes, Ecology and Evolution is supported by the Life Processes, Ecology and Evolution Workbook - ISBN: 9781442549562.
Rachel Heeney has been teaching for 20 years and loves it more each year. She thrives on discussing everyday biology with her students and finds it extremely satisfying to see each student gain knowledge from biology and a willingness to keep learning and being inquisitive. Over the years she has been involved in almost every aspect of teaching and learning from writing, marking, moderating, tutoring students and college trainees to teachers coming back into the classroom. She is Head of Biology at Epsom Girls Grammar and enjoys work every day with the wonderful friends she teaches with and the terrific students she works with.
About this book Introduction: Scientific literacy, by Associate Professor of Education, Dr Bev France How to get ahead 1 Practical investigations The scientific method How to carry out an investigation Putting scientific investigation to work 2 Biology in the public domain The nature of science and the scientific process The scientific system Assessing the validity of biology in the public domain Look carefully into what you read about nutrition Putting the nature of science into action 3 Adaptation Introduction to adaptation Life processes The scientific system Excretion: life process no. 2 Internal transport: life process no.3 Reproduction: life process no.4 Support and movement: life process no.5 Sensitivity and co-ordination: life process no.6 Nutrition: life process no.7 Transpiration: life process no.8 Putting the science of adaptations to work 4 Cells Introduction to cells The substances that make up cells Structures in the cell Cell processes – movement of molecules across membranes Cell processes – photosynthesis and respiration How cells divide Cell signalling Putting the science of cells to work 5 Genetic variation and change The gene pool Sources of variation in a gene pool Population genetics Natural selection Putting the study of genetic variation to work 6 Patterns in ecological communities Populations Communities and their relationships Niches and adaptations Patterns of species distribution Fieldwork Putting the study of ecology to work 7 Gene expression We have come a long way in 100 years What are DNA and RNA? Protein translation Genetic mutations and polymorphisms Examples of gene mutations that cause diseases in humans Epigenetics: another level of regulation in genes Putting the study of gene expression to work 8 Investigating at the microscopic level The history of microscopes Important things to know in microscopy Using microscopes Biological drawings Who can benefit from the skills learned in this chapter? Putting the power of microscopes to work How much have you learned: Answers Index Glossary